Vladimir Putin - Top Leader of Modern Humankind
This book is a stunning wise philosophical look of the eastern author at extraordinary activities and global mission of Vladimir Putin - the President of Russia. Bangladeshi writer and social leader with Indian roots Dr. Ashok Gupta has his own point to say about this great leader. Dr. Ashok Gupta lived many years in USSR and Russia and would like to familiarise the readers around the world with the truth about Vladimir Putin. This book still has not been distributed or supported by officials in Russia. The author impartially and concisely sets out the chronology of events from the life of the President of Russia. At the same time, he could easily and convincingly refute the foisted mass media clichés about Vladimir Putin. The text of this book takes the reader through the historical events with a logical conclusion regarding the mission of Vladimir Putin in the development of modern humanity and the whole planet...
The author’s observations and conclusions are highly crucial for the whole of humankind. Editor of the English version of this book believes that if many people from the planet named “Earth” will read this honest book, the World will become a better place…The second smashing part of the Book is coming this year. Supporting our author - you are supporting the whole world because people around the globe deserve to hear the truth.
Who is Vladimir Putin?
The world today recognises that V.V. Putin is the main leader of the planet, who could turn the collapse of the country into growth, a failure into a victory, and thanks to whom, by 2015–2016, the Russian Federation retrieved the status of a great country and superpower.
After the collapse of the socialist system and the collapse of the Soviet Union, Vladimir Putin is the only leader who was able to achieve radical changes in the arena of world politics. As everyone knows, after the collapse of the USSR, the balance of forces in the world was severely disturbed and the world became unipolar. In the light of this tragedy, the Russian leader V.V. Putin became the only ray of hope in the arena of world politics for the rest of the oppressed countries as opposed to the militaristic hegemony of the United States of America. Moreover, as a real world leader, he extended a helping and cooperating hand to the Islamic world and defended his national and cultural values. It provides all states that need it with all-around political, material and military support. Since then, the world has come to a new balance of power, to a new global balance.
The History of the Russian Empire - the USSR - Russia. As V.V. Putin has created a new Russia
The history of Russia from 1991 to the present began with the collapse of the Soviet Union on December 26, 1991, and the formation of the Russian Federation.
Before the collapse of the Soviet Union, in June 1991, at the first presidential election in Russian history, Boris Yeltsin won, he became president of the Russian Federation. In October 1991, when the USSR was on the verge of collapse, Yeltsin announced a radical market-oriented reform in Russia - by analogy with the “big bang” reform in Poland. This reform is more commonly known as “shock therapy.”
In the mid-1990s. Russia's economy fell into a deep depression, followed by the financial collapse of 1998, and only in 1999–2000. Began a gradual economic recovery. According to the Russian government, in terms of gross domestic product, the economic downturn in Russia at that time was much more severe than the Great Depression in the United States. He was half as strong as the catastrophic decline due to the effects of World War I, the overthrow of the tsarist regime and the Civil War in Russia.
The consequences of the economic crisis of the early 1990s in Russia were a sharp increase in the impoverishment of the people and economic inequality. Based on macroeconomic data of the World Bank and the results of studies of income and expenditure of the population, we can say that at the end of the Soviet era, 1.5% of the population lived in poverty (their income was below $ 25 per month), and by mid-1993 this number already accounted for 39–49% of the population.
By 2011, the average income of the population rose to $ 700 per month or more, which indicates a gradual economic recovery in recent years, but to a greater degree, this was achieved due to high oil prices.
First and Second Chechen Wars
In 1994, Yeltsin sent about 40,000 troops to the region to prevent the separation of the Chechen Republic from Russia. Chechens by religion are Muslims. Chechnya became part of the Russian Empire more than 150 years ago. All this time, living side by side with the Russian people in the empire, the Soviet Union, and now the Russian Federation, the Chechens retain their national identity and a particular dislike, and to some extent, hostility to the Russian people. Dzhokhar Dudayev, the nationalist president of the Chechen Republic, brought the republic out of the Russian Federation and declared the independence of Chechnya in 1991. Russia was quickly dragged out of the quagmire of war.
Government forces launched numerous attacks on Grozny, the capital of Chechnya. In the first weeks of January 1995, a significant number of civilians were killed during air attacks and from artillery fire. The massive use of artillery and air strikes remained the dominant strategy throughout the entire military campaign. Chechen rebels at the beginning of a military conflict took hundreds of Russian hostages, Russian troops suffered significant losses.
Russian troops managed to gain control over Grozny only in February 1995 as a result of heavy fighting. In August 1996, Yeltsin agreed with the Chechen leaders on a cease-fire, and in May 1997 a peace treaty was officially signed. However, the conflict resumed in 1999, making the 1997 peace agreement meaningless. This time the uprising was firmly suppressed by Vladimir Putin.
Privatisation in Russia and the rise of the oligarchs
New capitalist opportunities in the Russian economy since the late 1980s - early 1990s affected the interests of many people. When the Soviet system began to collapse, most of the leaders in high positions, professional managers from the Communist Party, the KGB and the Komsomol, profited well from the privileges they had under Soviet rule. Thus, some quietly liquidated the assets of their organisations and transferred finance to foreign accounts and invested in investments. Others, taking advantage of their insider position, having won exclusive government contracts, having received exclusive licenses, financial loans and supplies at artificially low prices with government subsidies, opened banks and businesses in Russia. By concluding deals at high market prices, they received huge profits almost overnight and achieved correspondingly immense business success.
At the same time, some young people without certain types of activity and social status saw the possibility of easy earnings. It was a transitional period from economic and legal confusion. From 1987 to 1992, these innovative entrepreneurs began to trade in foreign currency, selling high-demand consumer goods (clothing, shoes, etc.), which allowed them to get rich quick. Markets began to appear with an extremely opaque cash settlement system.
Presidential Election 1996
In the spring of 1996, when the rating of the first Russian president was rather low, Chubais and Yeltsin recruited six leading Russian financiers and media barons who invested hundreds of millions of dollars in Yeltsin’s campaign and guaranteed the support of the current president on television and in leading newspapers. The media have painted a bleak picture for the population of a return to totalitarianism in the event of Zyuganov's victory. The oligarchs also played on the feelings of the people, scaring the civil war in the event of the election of a communist president.
In remote areas of the country, Yeltsin relied on his allies in the person of local authorities, who were appointed by the president and were associated with vassal relations.
Zyuganov’s campaign had strong support among ordinary working people, but he could not compete with the Yeltsin team in finance and patronage from the oligarchs.
1998 financial crisis
The Russian crisis caused alarm in the West, especially in the USA. Everyone understood that large cash injections into the Russian economy could not be long-term, but the United States had concerns that the Yeltsin government would not survive the impending financial crisis without the help of the IMF. Robert Rubin, the finance minister of US President Bill Clinton, feared that a Russian collapse could cause panic in global financial markets (and moreover, one of the significant American hedge funds of Long-Term Capital Management1 could bring down). As a result, on July 13, the IMF approved an emergency loan for Russia of $ 22.6 billion.
Russia recovered with surprising speed from the financial crisis of August 1998 thanks to the fact that in 1999–2000 Oil prices again began to proliferate and Russia's positive trade balance increased significantly in 1999–2000. (just as in due time the fall in energy prices on the world market aggravated Russia's financial problems). Another reason for the stabilisation of the situation in Russia was that such domestic industries as the food industry only benefited from the devaluation of the ruble, which caused a sharp rise in prices for imported goods. Besides, since the Russian economy was focused mainly on barter and other non-monetary exchange instruments, the financial collapse had a lot less impact on many Russian producers than if it were dependent on the banking system.
Putin’s popularity, based on his reputation as a strong leader, is in stark contrast to the unpopularity of his predecessor, but it directly depended on the further process of economic recovery in Russia. Putin took office at an ideal time — after the devaluation of the ruble in 1998, which increased the demand for domestic goods, and during the rise in world oil prices. Indeed, during the seven years of his presidency, real GDP grew by an average of 6.7% per year, the income level of the population grows by an average of 11% annually in real terms. All this and the invariably positive balance of the federal budget allowed the government to pay off up to 70% of the external debt (according to the Institute for Comprehensive Strategic Studies). Thus, the restoration of the Russian economy is in many respects the merit of Putin. However, it was not confirmed by practice whether the president could withstand a sudden economic downturn.
Putin won the presidential election in Russia in 2004 without any substantial competition.
Some researchers argue that the majority of Russians regret today about the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Vladimir Putin has repeatedly stated that the fall of Soviet power led to some gain and many problems for the majority of Russian citizens. In his speech during the February 2004 election campaign, Putin called the collapse of the Soviet Union “a national tragedy of enormous proportions”, from which “only the elite and the nationalists of the Union republics” won. He added: “I think that ordinary citizens of the former Soviet Union and the post-Soviet space did not get anything from this. On the contrary, people are faced with a huge number of problems. ”
Putin is the head of the FSB
Acting President of the Russian Federation
The first presidential term
Second presidential term
Third Presidential Term (2012 - present)
Joining the Crimea in 2014
Russian military peacekeeping mission in Syria
Financial Crisis and Economic Recession 2014
Putin and traditional religions of Russia
Trends of change
The concept of Islam: "Islam" means peace
Dynamics of Russia